Guide to Hemelraad family papers
1988.1132

Summary Information

Repository
Tauber Holocaust Library
Creator
Hemelraad family
Title
Hemelraad family papers
ID
1988.1132
Date [inclusive]
1932-1947
Extent
0.1 Linear feet comprising correspondence, documents and photographs
Language
Dutch
Language of Materials note
All documentation in the collection is in Dutch; partial English translations are available.
Mixed materials [Folder]
Archives Box 4
Abstract
This collection comprises photographs, documents and correspondence documenting the fate of members of a Dutch Jewish family, the Hemelraads, during the Holocaust.

Preferred Citation note

[item] [date], Hemelraad family papers - 1988.1132, Tauber Holocaust Library - JFCS Holocaust Center, San Francisco, California

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Biographical/Historical note

Willem Alexander Hemelraad (1915-1942), Alexander Leo J. Hemelraad (b.1909-1944), and Caroline Rose Wilhelmina Hemelraad (b. 1909-1943) were the children of Abraham Hemelraad and Juliette Sophie Horn (1882-1943). All perished during the Holocaust; Abraham Hemelraad died before the onset of World War II.

The Hemelraad family were residents of Amsterdam, who fled to Rotterdam during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. They were in hiding before their arrests and deportation to Westerbork concentration camp. From Westerbork they were sent to Auschwitz, where they died in the gas chambers.

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Scope and Contents note

This collection documents the fate of several members of a Dutch Jewish family during the Holocaust and reflects the experiences of many Jews living in Nazi-occupied Holland during World War II. The collection is comprised of photographs of the three siblings, Carla, Wim and Lex Hemelraad; correspondence written during that period by them, including a letter sent from Westerbork by Lex Hemelraad; war-time registration certificates; and post-war death certificates and notices from the Red Cross of the Netherlands.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

 Tauber Holocaust Library

JFCS Holocaust Center
2245 Post Street
San Francisco, CA, 94115
415-449-3717
tauberholocaustlibrary@jfcs.org

Conditions Governing Access note

There are no restrictions to access for this collection.

Conditions Governing Use note

There are no restrictions to use for this collection.

Existence and Location of Copies note

Digital copies of selected photographs and correspondence from this collection are available.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Auschwitz (Concentration camp).
  • Westerbork (Concentration camp).

Genre(s)

  • Correspondence
  • Family papers
  • Photographs

Geographic Name(s)

  • Amsterdam (Netherlands)
  • Netherlands -- History -- German occupation, 1940-1945.

Subject(s)

  • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Netherlands
  • Jewish families -- Netherlands
  • Jews -- Amsterdam
  • Jews, Dutch
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Netherlands -- Amsterdam

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Collection Inventory

Family photographs 1930s-1940s 

General note

Photographs are pre-Holocaust era and primarily of Carlotta, Wim and Alex Hemelraad. Also included in a photographic post card entitled "Herinnering Nederland 10 Mei 1940."

Carlotta Hemelraad 


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Lex Hemelraad 


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Wim Hemelraad with soldiers 


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Personal correspondence 

Letter written by Lex Hemelraad from Westerbork concentration camp probably 1940-1943 

General note

Personal correspondence includes letters and postcards written by Carla, a letter written by Lex and sent from Westerbork concentration camp, and handwritten poems or song lyrics.

Letter written by Lex Hemelraad and sent from Westerbork, probably 1940-1943

Outside pages

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Inside pages

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Note written by Carlotta 

Letter written by Carlotta 

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Official correspondence 1946-1949 

General note

Official correspondence comprises post-World War II notifications from the Red Cross of the Netherlands regarding the fate of Carla Hemelraad, Wim Hemelraad, Alex Hemelraad and Juliette van Engers-Horn.

Letter from Red Cross 1947 


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Letter from Red Cross 1949 


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Documents 1941, 1948 

General note

Documents comprise registration cards issued in Amsterdam to Guillemette Sophie Horn and Paul Henri Hemelraad in 1941; and two copies of a death certificate issued by the city of Amsterdam, documenting the death of Willem Alexander Hemelraad in Auschwitz.

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