Erich and Ilse Goldstein Papers

After the Nazi Party ascension to power in January 1933, Jews living in Nazi Germany faced ever increasing restrictions. By 1938 German Jews had been forced from their government and university positions; excluded from German labor, health and cultural organizations; prohibited from joining the military, from practicing their trades and professions, and from owning land, businesses and gold.

In August of 1938 the Nazi government required Jews to include the name Israel (for men) and Sara (for women) on all legal documents, and by October 1938, passports of Jewish citizens were marked with a large red letter "J." The passports of Erich and Ilse Goldstein, who successfully emigrated to the United States, are examples of the repressive measures used by the Nazis to marginalize its Jewish population.

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